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Domingo Baca Trail / TWA Flight 260 crash site

Intermediate/Difficult
  4.5 ( 28 ) Favorite

Trail

7.0 mile 11.3 kilometer out and back
Intermediate/Difficult

Elevation

Ascent: 2,142' 653 m
Descent: -2,142' -653 m
High: 8,536' 2,602 m
Low: 6,394' 1,949 m

Grade

Avg Grade: 12% (7°)
Max Grade: 50% (27°)

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Trail shared by Brendan Ross

A steep climb into the Sandia Mountains leads to the 1955 crash site of a TWA airliner.

Brendan Ross

Features River/Creek · Views · Wildflowers · Wildlife

No scheduled closures, but trail should not be attempted when snow is on the ground as it will be difficult to find.

Overview

This trail begins in the popular Elena Gallegos Open Space before turning into Domingo Vaca canyon and its eponymous trail. Terrain will shift from desert to forest to dense brush as it climbs 2,000 feet to the remains of the crash site of TWA Flight 260, just underneath the Sandia Peak Tramway.

The route will begin flat in Elena Gallegos, but features steep climbs, creek crossings and pushing through overgrowth as it ascends. On the way down, a panoramic view of Albuquerque unfolds as the trail exits the canyon.

Need to Know

The remoteness and inaccessibility of the crash site are why the remains are still there -- and why hikers should use caution and make sure someone else knows where they will be in case of an accident. While under four miles one-way, this trail is seldom used and rescue is difficult. Take advantage of an app like Road ID or advise a friend where you'll be hiking before heading out.

Because the trail is occasionally indistinct for short segments, bringing a GPS is a wise idea (the Hiking Project mobile app is great, too!).

The turnoff from the creek bed about halfway through the hike, at N 35 10.886'W 106 27.594', can be easy to miss. It is marked both on the map here and shown with a picture; you may want to drop a pin on Google Maps or a similar app to keep track of your progress as you approach. If you miss it, the creek will dead end soon thereafter.

Description

The parking lot just north of the entry station at Elena Gallegos will put you closest to the trailhead. Any combination of the open space trails will work, but EG Trail 230 will take you most directly. The dirt trails here are mostly flat and wide, and you'll occasionally be sharing it with cyclists and other users. Follow it until you see the large sign on your right marking the trailhead.

Here, you'll leave behind the flat open space trails (and its accompanying crowd) and begin the climb into Domingo Baca Canyon. Much of the trail will follow creekbeds, which can help with navigation if you get lost -- though it is generally not hard to follow. Roughly a half mile into the trail you'll find the foundation of a shelter. Not long after this the trail will enter into the trees and welcome shade.

Soon the trail will move directly alongside the creek bed, occasionally crossing it. At some points, a second trail will parallel the creek, a bit higher up. If you choose to take the higher trail, which is a little wider and more clear of rocks and roots, keep an eye on your GPS for where the trail leaves the creek bed, as it can be difficult to spot and is not well-marked (N 35 10.886' W 106 27.594', also shown on the map here). If you miss the turnoff, you'll eventually come across a dead end canyon.

After leaving the creek, the trail begins to climb more steeply, gaining most of its elevation over the remaining mile and a half. After passing through a short sandy area, you'll soon join another creek bed, which you'll stay along most of the way. Watch overhead for the cables of the tramway; the crash site is almost directly beneath it.

Shortly before reaching the crash site, you'll come across a large rock formation that you'll need to climb to continue. A well-placed branch has been left there to help out.

Continue past the rocks through some dense brush for about a quarter mile to the final resting place of TWA Flight 260. The trail heads directly to the first pieces of debris; part of the fuselage near the cockpit and a large section with the number 416 on the side. A marker has been attached telling the story of the crash. Other pieces of wreckage can be found in the area as well. Please respect the site as the location where sixteen people lost their lives and do not disturb the wreckage.

A few individuals have stated that they were able to push through the canyon further and eventually join the La Luz trail near the top by the tramway, but the marked trail ends here and further progression is extremely difficult. In other words, the best choice is to turn here and enjoy the way back. An expansive view of Albuquerque and the valley will open up as you exit the canyon near the foundation you passed on the way up.

Should you want to review another thorough description of the trail, which includes some useful waypoints to program into a GPS, you can find it here.

History & Background

TWA Flight 230 departed Albuquerque for Santa Fe early in the morning on February 19, 1955. As the weather was overcast with very poor visibility, their air traffic control clearance was to proceed via instruments to intercept the localizer at Santa Fe; a procedure that would normally allow them to climb and navigate away from the mountains safely. Sadly, it was later discovered that a malfunction in the instruments led the pilots to believe they were flying away from the Sandias when they were, in fact, pointed directly at them. By the time their error was discovered, it was too late, and sixteen people met their tragic end only a few minutes into the flight.

Additional information is available in this well-written Wikipedia article on the crash.

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Check-Ins

Oct 16, 2019
Victor Palmer
1h 01m
Sep 28, 2019
Kyle Decker
7h 00m
Sep 2, 2019
Matt Ellison
Jul 20, 2019
Mitch Ryan
Jun 16, 2019
Chris Davis
Jun 11, 2019
Daniel Grotte
Some cactus by/around narrowed path sections, so careful if you jog/run down mountains. 6.8mi — 2h 10m
Jun 9, 2019
Johanne Loughran
Jun 9, 2019
Savannah Rodgers

Trail Ratings

  4.5 from 28 votes

#181

Overall
  4.5 from 28 votes
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#181

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Photos

Water flowing amongst moss blanketed rocks
May 5, 2019 near Sandia…, NM
The view of the Sandia ridgeline from the trail, with the tramway cables visible overhead. The upper station of the tramway is visible on the right side of the picture. The crash site is at the base of the large rock formation on the left.
Aug 18, 2015 near Sandia…, NM
A nice view of Albuquerque shortly after beginning (or ending) the Domingo Vaca Trail portion.
Aug 18, 2015 near Sandia…, NM
This is the turnoff from the first creek bed. It is sometimes marked with a cairn, but was not when I visited.
Aug 18, 2015 near Sandia…, NM
The trail becomes more overgrown in the last section, though it's rarely difficult to follow.
Aug 18, 2015 near Sandia…, NM
This is the boulder you'll need to navigate near the end. The large branch is a useful ladder.
Aug 18, 2015 near Sandia…, NM

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