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Tongariro Alpine Crossing

Intermediate/Difficult
 4.8 (21)

This route is THE classic New Zealand day trip, and one of the top 10 hiking trails in the world.


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Map Key

12.0

Miles

19.2

KM

Point to Point

6,139' 1,871 m

High

2,511' 765 m

Low

2,777' 846 m

Up

3,937' 1,200 m

Down

11%

Avg Grade (6°)

54%

Max Grade (29°)

Dogs No Dogs

Features Fall Colors · Lake · River/Creek · Views · Wildflowers

Description

Tongariro National Park is a World Heritage site, and a visit to the park will reveal why. This is a great trail with about 900 m of altitude gain. The route is popular in summer months, so plan to see others if you visit.

The crossing passes over the volcanic terrain of the multi-cratered active volcano Mount Tongariro, passing the eastern base of Mount Ngauruhoe which can optionally be climbed as a side trip.

The track follows Mangatepopo stream up the valley, climbing over a succession of old lava flows from Ngauruhoe. The youngest, very black, lava flows erupted from Ngauruhoe in 1949 and 1954.

The steep climb required to reach the Mangatepopo Saddle rewards climbers views of the valley and if clear, Mt Taranaki to the west. From the saddle, the track crosses South Crater, not a true crater but a drainage basin between the surrounding volcanic landforms.

Ahead more recent lava flows can be seen spilling over from Red Crater. The climb up to Red Crater offers splendid views of Oturere Valley and Kaimanawa Ranges to the east.

At the top of Red Crater, a poled route to the left leads to Tongariro Summit. The main track continues on past the rim of Red Crater itself. The spectacular formation on the far side of the crater is a dike, an old magma feeding pipe to the vent of the volcano. Harder than the ash and scoria around it erosion has left it exposed on the side of the crater.

North Crater is the large flat topped crater to the north. This vent once contained a lava lake which cooled to infill the crater.

Blue Lake is visible from the top of Red Crater, across the Central Crater - which like South Crater is actually another drainage basin. Blue Lake has formed where cold fresh water fills an old vent.

A scoria-covered ridge leads down to the spectacular Emerald Lakes, which fill old explosion pits. Their brilliant colouring is caused by minerals washed down from the thermal area of Red Crater.

From there, you'll continue a dramatic and scenic descent, passing Blue Lake, and then continuing on. There will be a few portions where the trail will be quite steep, and you'll want to use some caution to avoid tripping. Please do remember to look up every now and again, though, as the scenery will be breathtaking.

Contacts

Shared By:

Ken Kremer

Trail Ratings

  4.8 from 21 votes

#106

Overall
  4.8 from 21 votes
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Trail Rankings

#1

in New Zealand

#106

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3,920 Since Nov 14, 2015
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Photos

NZ Mountain Safety Council has created a video guide for Tongariro Alpine Crossing. The video takes you through the entire track and shows you how to prepare for a successful trip so that you make it home safely.
Feb 25, 2020 near Turangi, NZ
Emerald Lakes.
Jul 13, 2016 near Turangi, NZ
Lava flats below Devil's Staircase, Mangatepopo Stream.
Jul 14, 2016 near Turangi, NZ
Red Crater (yonic!)
Jul 13, 2016 near Turangi, NZ
Beginning of the Devil's Staircase.
Jul 14, 2016 near Turangi, NZ
Ngauruhoe, Also known as Mt Doom
Apr 3, 2018 near Turangi, NZ

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Check-Ins

Feb 9, 2020
Dan Gleason
Beautiful hike, but this description is outdated. The national park service no longer allows visitors to summit Tongariro or Ngauruhoe, as these ar…
Jan 27, 2020
Cathy M.
lots of people, great views interesting things to look at! — 6h 40m
Jan 26, 2020
Cathy M.
We enjoyed the side trip to Soda Springs waterfall and took extra time to enjoy Red Crater and the lakes. 12.2mi — 6h 30m
Nov 29, 2019
N C
6h 55m
Nov 25, 2019
Sean Sherry
Nov 7, 2019
Yajing Gao
Oct 26, 2019
Emily Nichols
12mi — 5h 00m
May 16, 2019
Ann B