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Enjoy commanding views of Yellowstone Lake, the Absaroka Mountains, and the SE corner of the park.

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8,599' 2,621 m


7,826' 2,386 m


773' 236 m


772' 235 m



Avg Grade (4°)


Max Grade (15°)

Dogs No Dogs

Features Lake · Views · Wildlife

Family Friendly One of the easier climbs to a named observation point in Yellowstone, and the distance is not bad. The trail is a bit boring, but the views from the top are great. And it's a nice picnic spot.

This is bear country. Check with the Rangers before heading out. In August 2015, a sow grizzly with cubs killed a park employee hiking alone on this trail without bear spray.


This 3.8 mile loop trail climbs 750 feet through a mature lodgepole pine forest to a lookout point with outstanding views of Yellowstone Lake, the rugged Absaroka Mountains, and the entire southeast corner of the park.


The trail briefly parallels the highway south then veers west (right) and enters the lodgepole forest. Enjoy making your way along the shaded path, and take a few moments to appreciate your surroundings.

At the 0.9-mile mark, a trail junction is reached. Both trails lead to the top of Elephant Back. Follow the left trail as it uses five switchbacks to steeply climb 600 feet in the next 0.8 miles. Elephant Back was named by F.V. Hayden in 1871 for its rounded form and almost vertical sides that he believed resembled the back of an elephant. From the observation point at the top (the 1.8-mile mark of the trail) you get a commanding view of Yellowstone Lake. The wooden benches here make an excellent picnic spot. Early explorers were amazed that a lake of such huge dimensions (135 square miles of surface area) could lie at such a high elevation above sea level (7,733'). Today we know that it is the largest lake for its elevation above sea level anywhere in North America.

The lake contains 3 major islands; Stevenson, Frank, and Dot. James Stevenson, a prominent member of the 1871 Hayden Survey, assembled a 12-foot sailboat that he used to reach the island later named in his honor. His craft, which he christened the "Anna" after the daughter of an influential congressman, was the first known vessel to ply the lake's waters.

The rugged Absaroka Mountains (pronounced "AB-sar-O-ka" or "ab-SAR-o-ka") tower above the lake to the east. The high ridge that they form comprises the eastern boundary of Yellowstone. Early maps show these mountains as the "Yellowstone Range," but they were later officially named for the Crow Indians who inhabited this region. "Absaroka" (which means "children of the large beaked bird" in the Crow's native tongue) is the Crow Indians' name for themselves.

When you have finished soaking up the view, continue south along the trail. It quickly loops back to the right (north) then winds its way down the mountain and rejoins the main trail at the 3-mile mark. Turn left (SE) and follow it the last 0.9 miles back to the trailhead.

Thanks to guidebook author, Tom Carter, for sharing this trail description. To learn more about visiting Yellowstone, check out his book, Day Hiking Yellowstone.

Flora & Fauna

There is hidden beauty in this forest. Fallen trees slowly rot, returning nutrients to the soil while providing homes for insects and a medium for growth of small vegetation. These in turn serve as food for larger animals. All around you is evidence of life, from the sounds of a Clark's nutcracker "cawing" or red squirrel "chattering," to the mule deer scat left behind along the trail. All life, no matter how large or small, plays an important role in nature's grand, harmonious scheme.

As you make your way through the lodgepole forests, notice instead of a center tap root, lodgepoles' roots branch out just under the surface, making them well suited for Yellowstone's shallow soil. It also causes them to blow over easy. You may also see green growth along the tree branches. This is wolf lichen. Superstitious Europeans ground up wolf lichen with garlic and sprinkled it around their homes to ward off werewolves. It's not known how well it worked to ward off the mythical creatures.


Shared By:

Tom Carter

Trail Ratings

  4.1 from 17 votes


  4.1 from 17 votes
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Trip video of Elephant Back Trail
May 10, 2016 near Lake Vi…, WY
View of Yellowstone Lake, Fishing Bridge Area, and the Absaroka Mountains as seen from Elephant Back Mountain. NPS Photo.
May 21, 2016 near Lake Vi…, WY



Current Trail Conditions

Minor Issues 32 days ago
Add Your Check-In


Jun 1, 2024
Alyssa Krause
3.8mi — 9h 01m
Jul 1, 2022
Gabrielle Troia
Sep 15, 2021
Kiera H
Beautiful view of Yellowstone lake 3.8mi — 1h 30m
Sep 5, 2021
Gail Kunkle
3.8mi — 12h 00m
Aug 23, 2021
Chris Thomas
Aug 17, 2021
Lauren Boyd
4mi — 2h 05m
Jul 27, 2021
Angila Chapman
Nice. Climb was steep and took just over an hour. 3.9mi — 2h 00m
May 27, 2021
Rachel Young
3.8mi — 1h 56m

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